Mobility

Q1) How many vehicles are there in Great Britain?

Q2) Which is the fastest growing category of vehicle?

Q3) What is the most common car in Great Britain?

Q4) How many privately registered cars have a female registered keeper?

Q5) How often is a car in use or parked?

Q6) Where are household vehicles parked overnight?

Q7) How old is the average car?

Q8) In the average car's lifetime, how many owners will it have?

Q9) What proportion of the licensed car stock do company cars comprise?

Q10) How many new cars were registered in the UK in 2016?

Q11) What were the registrations of new cars sold in 2016 by sales type? 

Q12) How many used cars changed hands in 2016?

Q13) How many vehicles were manufactured in the UK in 2016?

Q14) How many driving licence holders are there?

Q15) What proportion of young adults (aged 17 - 20) hold a full driving licence?

Q16) What proportion of older people hold a full driving licence? 

Q17) How many people aged 70 or over hold a full driving licence?

Q18) How many jobs require the applicant to be able to drive?

Q19) How many households have access to a car or van?

Q20) How many adults live in a household with access to a car or van?

Q21) Which local authorities in England and Wales have the highest and lowest number of cars and vans per head of population?

Q22) How important is the car as a mode of transport?

Q23) How many people commute to work by car?

Q24) What is the average annual mileage per car?

Q25) How many miles per year does all motor vehicle traffic travel?

Q26) What are the road traffic forecasts for future years?

Q27) What improvements are planned to the Strategic Road Network?

Q28) How many miles of road are there in Great Britain?

Q29) What are the road lengths in England, Scotland and Wales?

Q30) How much of the British road network has no mobile phone coverage?

Q31) What type of roads does traffic travel on?

Q32) What are smart motorways?

Q33) What types of vehicles use the roads in Great Britain?

Q34) What percentage of HGVs "drive around empty"?

Q35) How busy are the roads in Great Britain?

Q36) Which road has the highest average traffic flow?

Q37) Which local authorities have the highest traffic levels?

Q38) What are average vehicle speeds?

Q39) How many foreign registered vehicles use the roads in Great Britain?

Q40) Who manages the roads?

Q41) How many drivers made claims against councils across Great Britain for damage caused to their vehicles by potholes in 2014/15?

Q42) What is the total amount of compensation paid by local authorities for damage to persons or vehicles as a result of poor road conditions?

Q43) How many potholes were filled in over the last year and what was the cost of filling these potholes in?

Q44) How can I report a pothole to a local authority?

Q45) What percentage of local authority roads are considered to be in a poor structural condition?

Q46) How many bridges in Great Britain are substandard?

Q47) What is the Blue Badge Scheme?

Q48) How many Blue Badges are on issue in England?

A1) At the end of March 2017 there were 37.5 million vehicles licensed for use on the roads in Great Britain, of which 31.1 million were cars. In the year to March 2017 the stock of vehicles increased by 2.2 per cent. This is the sixth consecutive quarter that year-on-year increases have exceeded 2 per cent. This also occurred in two quarters of 2014 but had not previously been seen since 2005

In March 2017, the numbers of licensed cars and vans were at their highest ever levels. The numbers of motorbikes, HGVs and buses & coaches, on the other hand, remained below their peak levels, which they reached between 2004 and 2009.

The total number of licensed vehicles has increased in every year since the end of the Second World War except 1991. From 1995 to 2007, the annual growth in licensed vehicles averaged 690,000 per year, although from the mid-2000s it had already begun to slow somewhat. Following the recession of 2008-9 it slowed further, but did not stop, averaging 170,000 a year between 2007 and 2012. Since 2012, the average growth has been 680,000 per year.

Source: Vehicle Licensing Statistics: Quarter 1 (January to March) 2017

Historical details about the number of licensed vehicles can be viewed in table VEH0101.

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A2) Vans.

The number of vans on Britain’s roads has been rising more than 2.5 times quicker than cars. Every tenth vehicle on the road is now a light commercial vehicle (LCV).

Between 2002 and 2012, the number of vans increased by 29 per cent to 3.3 million. Over the same period the number of cars rose by 11 per cent to 28.7 million whilst the number of lorries (Heavy Goods Vehicles or HGVs) on British roads fell by 5 per cent to 460,000.

Source: Van Travel Trends in Great Britain

This trend has continued in recent years. However, the number of newly registered vans stabilised in 2016 (up 1.0 per cent on 2015) following increases of over 10 per cent in each of the previous three years. 

Source: Vehicle Licensing Statistics: Annual 2016

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A3) At the end of December 2016, there were 1.5 million Ford Fiesta cars licenced followed by the Ford Focus with 1.4 million and the Vauxhall Corsa with 1.2 million.

Source: Vehicle Licensing Statistics: Annual 2016

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A4) At the end of December 2016, about 41 per cent of privately registered cars were registered with a female keeper. The number of female registered keepers of cars has increased by 66 per cent since 1996, compared with an increase of only 23 per cent in male keepers. 

Source: Vehicle Licensing Statistics: Annual 2016

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A5) The average car spends about 80% of the time parked at home, is parked elsewhere for about 16% of the time and is thus only actually in use (ie moving) for the remaining 4% of the time.

Source: Spaced Out: Perspectives on Parking Policy

The RAC Foundation has also produced a Fact Sheet entitled Facts on Parking which contains a wealth of information on parking related matters.  

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A6) In all areas, 12 per cent of household vehicles are parked in a garage overnight; 61 per cent are parked on private property (but not garaged); 25 per cent are parked on the street; and 3 per cent are parked in other places.

The proportion of household vehicles parked overnight on private property but not garaged is highest in rural areas (72 per cent) and generally declines as settlement size increases, down to 55 per cent in urban conurbations. 

NOTE: Updated figures not available until November 2017.

Source: National Travel Survey: England 2014 and Table NTS0908 

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A7) 7.8 years.

Source: Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders - Motor Industry Facts 2017

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A8) In the average car's lifetime, it will have 4 owners. 

Source: Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders - Motorparc Census

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A9) The commercial fleet and company car market is a primary driver of first registrations. In 2016, 56 per cent of all car first registrations were made by companies. However, the proportion of company registered cars in the whole of the licensed car stock was much lower, at only 9.0 per cent. This indicates that cars tend to move quite swiftly from the company market to the private market.

Source: Vehicle Licensing Statistics: Annual 2016

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A10) In 2016, 2,692,786 new cars were registered in the UK, up 2.3 per cent on 2015.

This is the highest number ever of new car registrations, exceeding the last record year in 2015 when 2,633,503 new cars were registered.

Source: Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders - New Car Registrations 

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A11) In 2016, 105,786 cars were sold to businesses (companies that operate up to 24 vehicles) - a fall of 1.2 per cent from 107,121 in 2015; 1,380,750 cars were sold to fleets (companies that operate fleets of 25 or more vehicles) - a rise of 4.8 per cent from 1,317,570 in 2015; and 1,206,250 cars were sold to private buyers - a fall of 0.2 per cent from from 1,208,812 in 2015.

Source: Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders - New Car Registrations

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A12) 8,200,084 used cars changed hands in 2016 - a 7.3 per cent increase on the previous year.

Source: Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders - Used Car Sales Data

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A13) 1,722,698 cars were manufactured in the UK in 2016, a 17 year high and a 8.5 per cent increase on the previous year.

A record number of cars – representing 78.8 per cent of total production – were for export, with 1,354,216 units leaving the UK, up 10.3 per cent on 2015 levels. 

Source: Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders - UK Automotive Manufacturing

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A14) In June 2017, the total number of driving licences registered with DVLA was 48,005,694. Of these, 39,975,351 were Full Driving Entitlement Licences and 8,030,343 were Provisional Entitlement Licences. These figures are for the whole of Great Britain.

It should be stressed that neither DVLA or DfT would recommend that users rely on this data being a true reflection of the number of active driving licence holders in Great Britain as the DVLA data includes details of people who have died, emigrated etc and who have not been removed from the DVLA database.

Source: Driving Licence Data

More robust estimates of active driving licence holders are available from the National Travel Survey. Latest estimates show that 73 per cent of all adults aged 17 and over in England (an estimated 32.4 million people) held a full car driving licence in 2016. In 1975/76, the proportion of adults with a licence in England was 48 per cent (an estimated 19.4 million people).

Of the 32.4 million people holding a full car driving licence in England, 17.2 million are men and 15.2 million women. Whilst, over the long term, licence holding among both men and women has increased, the rate of increase has been much greater for women. In 1975/76, 69 per cent of men and 29 per cent of women had a driving licence. In 2016, 80 per cent of men and 67 per cent of women had a licence. 

Source: National Travel Survey: England 2016 and Table NTS0201

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A15) The proportion of young adults (aged 17 -20) in England with a full driving licence has decreased since the early 1990s when driving licence holding for this age group was at its highest. However, the level does fluctuate year-on-year. In 1995/97, 44 per cent of those aged 17 - 20 held a full licence, compared with a low of 27 per cent in 2004. In 2016, 31 per cent of those aged 17 - 20 held a full licence.

In 2016, the number of young men with a full driving licence remained steady at 33 per cent - the same as the previous year - whilst the number of young women with a full driving licence fell to 29 per cent from 32 per cent in 2015. 

Source: National Travel Survey: England 2016 and Table NTS0201 and Table NTS0202

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A16) There has been a large increase in the number of older people in England holding a full driving licence. Between 1995/1997 and 2016 the proportion of people aged 70+ holding a licence increased from 39 per cent to 62 per cent.

The increase among older women is particularly notable: 73 per cent of women aged 60-69 and 50 per cent aged 70+ held a licence in 2016 compared with 46 per cent and 22 per cent in 1995/97 respectively. This is due to aging of existing licence holders rather than large numbers of newly qualified drivers in older age groups. 

Source: National Travel Survey: England 2016 and Table NTS0201

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A17) Over 4 million. While not all of these licence holders will be active drivers the statistics illustrate the growing number of older people who still use a car.

Source: RAC Foundation analysis of DVLA data.

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A18) Almost one in six jobs requires the applicant to be able to drive.

A RAC Foundation analysis of the government’s employment database found that of the 847,000 vacancies available in Great Britain in July 2015, 131,000 (15.4 per cent) stated that a vehicle or licence was necessary for the post.

Another 7,700 (1 per cent) of the jobs on the list from the Department for Work and Pensions said that a vehicle or licence would be beneficial or practical.

Source: RAC Foundation: Driving as an Employment Qualification

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A19) About 77 per cent.

In 2016, 23 per cent of households in England did not have access to a car or van. This is the lowest figure on record and has fallen from 38 per cent in 1985/86.

The proportion of households with two or more cars or vans has increased from 17 per cent in 1985/1986 to 34 per cent in 2016. Since 2000, there have been more households with two or more cars or vans than households with no car or van.

Source: National Travel Survey: England 2016 and Table NTS0205

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A20) In 2016, 82 per cent of adults in England lived in a household with a car or van. This differed slightly between men and women (84 per cent and 80 per cent respectively).

Source: National Travel Survey: England 2016 and Table NTS0206

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A21) Research carried out by the RAC Foundation (based on 2011 Census data) shows that of the 348 English and Welsh local authorities, the East Dorset District Council area has the highest number of cars and vans per head of population.

For every thousand people - men, women and children - living in East Dorset, there are 694 cars. This compares with an average of 487 cars and vans per thousand people as a whole. By contrast, Hackney has the fewest at 170 cars and vans per thousand people.

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A22) The RAC Foundation's report entitled “The Car in British Society”  showed that the dominance of the car as a mode of transport in the early years of the 21st Century is absolute and that policy makers must recognise this fact as they introduce measures to cut traffic and hence ease congestion and fight climate change.

The car continues to dominate most people’s daily travel. In 2016, 62 per cent of trips were made by car, either as a driver or passenger. The car is also the most common mode for distance travelled, accounting for 78 per cent of the total distance travelled in 2016.

However, since the mid-2000s, there have been fewer car trips, despite the proportion of households with car access remaining broadly unchanged. Over this period, average distance travelled by car per person has also fallen; this is explained largely by the fall in trips, with average trip length by car remaining fairly stable. However, in 2016, there was a small increase on 2015 figures in the average trips and average miles travelled as a car driver, but these were not significant.

Source: National Travel Survey: England 2016

Car use (both as driver and passenger) accounts for only 8 per cent of the trips under half a mile in length but rises to 76 per cent of all trips in the 2 – 3 mile band and 80 per cent of trips longer than five miles in length; above one mile, more than half of all trips are by car.

Source: The Car in British Society

The Commission for Integrated Transport noted in its “Medium-length Trip Patterns”  report that 42 per cent of car mileage was driven on medium-length car trips (defined as 5 – 25 miles).

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A23) There are 26.5 million working people aged 16 - 74 in England and Wales. Of these, 16.7 million people either drive themselves to work (15.3 million) or catch a lift (1.4 million).

In rural areas, nearly three quarters (73.4 per cent) of workers travel by car (whether as driver or passenger). This method of travel also dominates the commute in urban areas (outside of London) with 67.1 per cent of people either driving themselves or catching a lift. Even amongst Londoners, the car is the most popular single mode of travel, used by 29.8 per cent of workers. 

The average length of a commuter trip by car/van varies little across English regions and Wales at about ten miles. It is highest in the South East (11.2 miles) and lowest in London (8.6 miles).

Source: The Car and the Commute

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A24) The estimated average annual mileage per car in England has decreased as the number of cars per household has risen, falling from around 9,200 miles in 2002 to 7,800 miles in 2016. This is due to falls in business and private mileage. Commuting mileage has remained relatively stable, varying between 2,500 and 2,900 miles per year whilst business mileage has halved over this period

There are different trends depending on if the car is company or privately owned. Company cars have an annual mileage more than double that of private cars (18,900 compared to 7,500 in 2016).

The estimated average annual mileage was higher for diesel cars than petrol cars, at 10,400 miles and 6,500 miles respectively in 2016. 

Source: National Travel Survey: England 2016 and Table NTS0901

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A25) Motor vehicle traffic was at a record high in 2016. 323.7 billion miles were driven on Great Britain’s roads in 2016, a 2.2 per cent increase from the previous year.

Since 1949 motor vehicle traffic has increased more than ten-fold from 28.9 to 323.7 billion vehicle miles, largely driven by steady growth in car traffic. However, over the last 20 years there has been a decline in the rate of traffic growth and between 2007 and 2010, motor vehicle traffic fell for three consecutive years. This was followed by stability, then a resumption of growth to the 2016 record level. 

Source: Road Traffic Estimates: Great Britain 2016

Latest provisional estimates show that motor vehicle traffic was at a record high in the year ending March 2017. The provisional figure, of 324.3 billion vehicle miles travelled on Great Britain’s roads in the year ending March 2017, was 1.7 per cent higher than the previous year. This is a record level, 3.2 per cent higher than the pre-recession peak in the year ending September 2007. Rolling annual motor vehicle traffic has now increased each quarter in succession for four years.

Compared to the previous year, in the year ending March 2017 car traffic increased by 1.4 per cent to a record 252.9 billion vehicle miles, 4.7 billion more vehicle miles travelled than the pre-recession peak in the year ending September 2007; van traffic continued to rise, increasing by 4.5 per cent to a new peak of 49.6 billion vehicle miles; lorry traffic fell by 0.8 per cent to 16.6 billion vehicle miles.

Source: Provisional Road Traffic Estimates Great Britain: April 2016 - March 2017

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A26) Five scenarios were used in the Department of Transport’s latest forecasts to capture the uncertainty in forecasting. In all the scenarios, national traffic is forecast to increase but the size of that growth varies, depending on the number and types of journeys that people make, the effect of rising incomes on car ownership and car use, and future trends in income growth and fuel prices - three key uncertainties identified for future road demand. The range of the forecasts is for 19 per cent to 55 per cent growth between 2010 and 2040.

The growth in national traffic levels is predominately driven by the projected growth in population levels. Average distance travelled per person by car is forecast to grow under most scenarios - as rising incomes and falling costs result in more trips being taken by car. However, in one of the scenarios average car mileage per person is forecast to fall by 7 per cent and only population growth explains the growth in traffic. In the other scenarios, population is just one factor in the overall growth.

The growth in national traffic levels masks much more variation across area, road and vehicle types. While traffic growth may continue to be strong nationally, there is a different picture locally. Growth is expected to be particularly strong on the Strategic Road Network - between 29 per cent to 60 per cent from 2010 to 2040 while it is 2 per cent to 51 per cent on other principal roads and 10 per cent to 54 per cent on minor roads. While in most scenarios, traffic is expected to grow strongly on local roads and in urban areas and cities, the lower end of the forecasts represents an outcome where the recent fall in trips continues over the next 30 years. 

Source: Road Traffic Forecasts 2015

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A27) Details of the plans to improve the Strategic Road Network can be viewed here.

The government has also announced plans to double the strategic road network to around 8,000 miles to create a new Major Road Network (MRN) which will include many routes which are under the control of councils.

It is proposed that MRN would see a "share of the National Road Fund, funded by Vehicle Excise Duty (VED) given to local authorities to improve or replace the most important A-roads under their management".  

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A28) The total road length in Great Britain in 2016 was estimated to be 246,500 miles. Compared to previous years, total road length in Great Britain in 2016 was 600 miles greater than in 2015, an increase of 0.3 per cent and 6,000 miles greater than in 1996, an increase of 2.5 per cent.

The length of motorways in Great Britain in 2016 was estimated to be 2,300 miles. "A" roads in Great Britain accounted for 29,100 miles of road in 2016. These major roads make up 12.7 per cent of total road length.

The majority of road lengths in Great Britain is made up of minor roads, with these roads accounting for 215,100 miles in 2016 (18,800 miles of "B" roads and 196,300 miles of "C" and "U" roads). These minor roads make up 87.3 per cent of the total road length.

Source: Road Lengths in Great Britain: 2016

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A29) In 2016, 188,500 miles (76.5 per cent) of the 246,500 miles of road in Great Britain were in England; 36,900 miles (15 per cent) were in Scotland; and 21,100 miles (8.6 per cent) were in Wales.

Within England, the regions with the largest amount of road length were the South West, which had 31,200 thousand miles, and the South East, with 29,900 thousand miles.

Source: Road Lengths in Great Britain: 2016

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A30) Almost 4,600 miles of British roads have no 2G mobile phone coverage from any network provider meaning drivers could not call for help in the case of a breakdown, accident or emergency. (A 2G signal is the minimum needed to make phone calls and send text messages)

The stretches of road - measuring 4,561 miles in total – represent 2 per cent of the length of Britain’s road network and are to be found in 49 separate local authority areas.

A further 28,975 miles of road (12 per cent) have only partial 2G coverage meaning there are many areas where some but not all phones will receive a signal depending on the service provider.

An additional 111,679 miles of road (45 per cent) have only partial 3G coverage and when it comes to 4G signals, more than half (56 per cent) of the road network has no coverage and more than a quarter (27 per cent) has only partial coverage.

Source: RAC Foundation

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A31) In 2016, 67.8 billion vehicle miles was carried on motorways; 93.8 billion vehicle miles on rural "A" roads; 50.0 billion vehicle miles on urban "A" roads; 45.5 billion vehicle miles on rural minor roads; and 66.4 billion vehicle miles on urban minor roads.

Between 2015 and 2016, motor vehicle traffic increased on all road types. Traffic on motorways, rural ‘A’ roads and rural minor roads grew by 2.0 per cent, 2.8 per cent and 2.4 per cent respectively, to reach new all-time highs. Traffic on urban ‘A’ and urban minor roads grew by 0.7 per cent and 2.6 per cent respectively, but traffic on both road types remains below the peak levels seen in the mid-2000s.

Traffic volumes are not proportionate to road lengths. Although motorways and “A” roads account for only 13 per cent of total road length, they carried 65 per cent of all road traffic in 2016. On an average day in 2016, 87 times more vehicles travelled along a typical stretch of motorway than a typical stretch of rural minor road (‘B’ roads, ‘C’ roads, and unclassified roads).

Source: Road Traffic Estimates: Great Britain 2016 and TRA0102

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A32) Smart motorways use a range of new tech­nol­ogy to vary speed lim­its in response to dri­ving con­di­tions and make the hard shoul­der avail­able to traf­fic. This could be per­ma­nently or at par­tic­u­larly busy times of the day. They are man­aged by the Highways Agency's regional con­trol cen­tres and use CCTV so that High­ways Agency traf­fic offi­cers can be deployed to inci­dents if they occur and help to keep traf­fic moving.

Further information on smart motorways, and how they should be used, can be viewed here.

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A33) Car and taxi traffic accounted for 78 per cent of all traffic in 2016, with light van and heavy goods vehicle traffic accounting for 15 per cent and 5 per cent respectively. Motorcycles/scooters and buses/coaches accounted for 0.9 per cent and 0.8 per cent respectively.

Compared with 2015, car and taxi traffic in Great Britain increased by 2.0 per cent, to 252.6 billion vehicle miles in 2016. This is a new high, with the last two years exceeding the previous peak recorded before the recent recession. Van traffic grew 4.7 per cent between 2015 and 2016 to reach a record high of 49.1 billion vehicle miles; the fastest growth in percentage terms of any motor vehicle type.

In 2016, lorries travelled 16.6 billion vehicle miles, a similar distance to 2015. The 2016 figure remains around 9 per cent below the record level seen in 2007. Motorcycles and scooters travelled 1.9 per cent further in 2016 compared to the previous year, although motorcycle traffic has declined over the last 10 years, from a peak in the mid-2000s. Bus and coach traffic fell by 7.7 per cent between 2015 and 2016 - the largest decrease of any vehicle type. Over the last decade, bus and coach traffic has fallen by around one-quarter.

Source: Road Traffic Estimates: Great Britain 2016 and TRA0101

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A34) About 28 - 30 per cent of HGVs are "driving around empty" at any one time.

Source: Institution of Mechanical Engineers: UK Freight - In for the Long Haul

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A35) Motor vehicle flow statistics give an indication of how busy roads in Great Britain are rather than volume of miles travelled on the road network. They are presented as the average number of vehicles per day per mile of road.

Motorways continue to have the highest average traffic flow in 2016 with 81.7 thousand vehicles for each mile of motorway per day. The average traffic flow on urban "A" roads was 19.8 thousand vehicles for each mile of urban "A" road per day and traffic flows on rural "A" roads were 11.6 thousand vehicles for each mile of rural "A" road per day.

The average traffic flow on urban minor roads was 2.2 thousand vehicles for each mile of urban minor roads per day and traffic flows on rural minor roads were 0.9 thousand vehicles for each mile of rural minor road per day.

Source: Road Traffic Estimates: Great Britain 2016 and TRA0301 

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A36) The western half of the M25, between Junctions 14 and 15, had the highest average traffic flow in 2016 with 214,000 vehicles per day. 

Source: Road Traffic Estimates: Great Britain 2016

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A37) The local authority with the highest traffic level is Hampshire with 9.78 billion vehicle miles. Hampshire is followed by Kent (9.45 billion vehicle miles) and Essex (9.30 billion vehicle miles).

Source: Road Traffic Estimates: Great Britain 2016 and TRA8901 

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A38) In 2016, the average free flow speed of cars was 68 mph on motorways and 49 mph on national speed limit single carriageways. Vans were observed to have almost identical average free flow speeds to cars on these road types, with values of 69 mph and 49 mph respectively. Cars and vans both had an average free flow speed of 31 mph on roads with a speed limit of 30 mph. For all vehicle types on 20 mph roads, the average free flow speed was above the speed limit in 2016, with the highest being cars and vans at 25 mph.

Source: Speed Compliance Statistics: Great Britain 2016

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A39) In 2015 (the latest year for which figures are available), 0.4 per cent of all traffic on British roads was estimated to be accounted for by foreign registered vehicles. HGV traffic has the highest proportion of foreign registered vehicles. In 2015, 4.8 per cent of HGV traffic was estimated to be foreign registered, an increase of 1.5 per cent compared to 2013, the largest increase of any vehicle type. 

Source: Road Traffic Estimates: Great Britain 2016

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A40) Highways England is a government-owned company responsible for the operation, maintenance and improvement of England's motorways and major A roads. This is the strategic network of roads used to move people and freight around the country.

A map of the Highways England network can be found here

In Scotland a similar responsibility falls on Transport Scotland, and in Wales, the Welsh Assembly Government.

Other roads are managed by local authorities.

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A41) Drivers made at least 31,483 claims against councils across Great Britain for damage caused to their vehicles by potholes in 2015/16. (This figure is based on responses from 204 (out of a total of 207) local highways authorities in England, Scotland and Wales which responded to FOI requests by the RAC Foundation).

This compares with the previous financial year when drivers made 28,971 claims.

The total value of successful claims was £1.784 million. However, councils refused the bulk of claims, agreeing to pay out in just 27 per cent of cases (up from 25 per cent in 2014/15). This average does, however, mask huge differences between councils. For example, while Bolton, Brent and Herefordshire paid out in 100 per cent of cases, a number of councils paid out nothing at all.

The average settlement amount for a successful claim £306 in 2015/16, up from £294 in 2014/15.

Source: RAC Foundation

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A42) The total amount paid out in compensation by local authorities in England and Wales in 2016/17 for damage to persons or vehicles as a result of poor road condition was £6.0 million. The associated staff costs spent processing claims totalled £3.3 million. The total estimated cost for road user compensation claims is therefore £9.3 million (a substantial decrease from the total cost of £28.5 million in 2015/16).

The amount of time and money spent settling claims has seen a large reduction as councils and their legal advisors become better at challenging potentially dishonest claims.

Source: The Annual Local Authority Road Maintenance (ALARM) Survey 2017

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A43) 1.748 million potholes were filled in across England and Wales in 2016/17 (compared to the previous year's figure of 2.2 million). The total cost of filling in these potholes is estimated at £102.3 million, a decrease on the previous year's figure of £118.4 million and the lowest figure reported since ALARM 2012.

Source: The Annual Local Authority Road Maintenance (ALARM) Survey 2017

The Pothole Action Fund will give local authorities in England £50 million a year, over the next 5 years, to help them to repair more than 4 million potholes by 2020/21. Funding is calculated according to the size of the local road network in the area.

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A44) If you want to report a pothole you can go straight to the authority responsible for the road (most now have an electronic or web-based system available to the public to report potholes and highway faults).

Alternatively, you can report potholes through the following sites:- www.fillthathole.org.uk or www.fixmystreet.com

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A45) 17 per cent of roads in England (excluding London), 16 per cent of roads in London and 18 per cent of roads in Wales are reported as being in poor structural condition.

Even if adequate funding and resources were in place to get roads back into a reasonable condition, it is estimated that to clear the maintenance backlog will take 13 years in England (excluding London), 10 years in London and 9 years in Wales. 

Local authorities' estimate the one-time "catch-up" cost to bring their road networks upto scratch is £12.06 billion.

Source: The Annual Local Authority Road Maintenance (ALARM) Survey 2017 

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A46) Data collected from 199 of the 207 local highway authorities in England, Scotland and Wales and analysed by the RAC Foundation shows that 3,203 structures over 1.5m in span are not fit to carry the heaviest vehicles now seen on our roads, including lorries of up to 44 tonnes. These bridges represent 4.4 per cent (about 1 in 23) of the roughly 72,000 bridges to be found on the local road network.

Some of the bridges will be substandard because they were built to earlier design standards, whilst others will have deteriorated through age and use. Many of these bridges have weight restrictions. Others will be under programmes of increased monitoring or even managed decline.

The number of substandard bridges is 35 per cent greater than that estimated by the RAC Foundation to have been substandard two years earlier. 

Source: RAC Foundation

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A47) The Blue Badge Scheme is designed to assist people with severe mobility problems, registered blind people and people who drive a motor vehicle regularly and have a severe disability in both arms, making it very difficult or impossible to operate parking meters, to park close to where they need to go. An information leaflet about the Scheme can be viewed here.

You can apply for, or re-new, a Blue Badge here.

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A48) There were 2.38 million valid Blue Badges on issue in England at 31 March 2016, a decrease of 0.7 per cent (16,000 badges) when compared with the previous year. This decrease continues the declining trend in the number of badges held with an overall decrease of 9.8 per cent since 2011.

On 31 March 2016, 4.3 per cent of the population in England held a valid Blue Badge, a decrease from 4.4 per cent compared to the previous year. In 2010, the proportion was 5.0 per cent.

Source: Blue Badge Scheme Statistics, England 2016

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